”或者“ 产品标准号 ”的东西，这是什么呢？ Many friends go to shopping malls and supermarkets to buy wine. Most of them look at the price of the brand. Few friends look at the fine text on the bottle, and the label on the bottle always bears an " enforcement standard " or " product standard number. "What is this?
In fact, the country has filtered out many unscrupulous merchants for you. In the past few years, there has always been news of XXX death from alcoholism. Have you heard of such news in the past two years? Have you seen such news? No, in fact, this is the result of state supervision.
And what exactly is a national standard, and what does the string of codes on the implementation standard mean?
Before this we must understand that Chinese liquor is divided into 3 categories according to national standards:
1: solid state liquor
Fermented with pure grain in the cellar, it was solid, hence the name. This is also the traditional brewing method. The main ingredient of grain is starch. Microbes (distiller's yeast) convert starch into sugar and sugar into alcohol. Grain also contains fat, protein, and many other trace amounts of other organic ingredients, which are transformed by microorganisms, or react with alcohol, or react with each other to generate hundreds of organic molecules.
A bottle of solid-state liquor, alcohol and water account for 98%, and several hundred kinds of organic molecules account for 2%. The quality of the wine is not determined by the 98%, but only by the 2%. Esters. Ester molecules are large and small. Ester macromolecules are produced in this way: microorganisms convert fat into fatty acids and then into fatty acid esters. The fatty acid ester macromolecules are dissolved in alcohol, so the wine is colorless. If it is mixed with water, the alcohol content decreases, and the fatty acid ester macromolecules are precipitated, so it appears white and cloudy. This is why water mixing is the simplest and most effective way to identify pure grain solid spirits.
Two: liquid liquor
It is made of starch, sugar-rich raw materials, koji, and fermented with water, so it is liquid. The fermentation product is basically alcohol, and other organic molecules are minimal. Food alcohol companies also ferment in this way, so national standards allow liquor companies to directly use food alcohol. Because edible alcohol does not contain other organic molecules, national standards allow blending of flavors to improve taste. The blended flavors are small molecules and have high solubility in alcohol, and some even dissolve in water. Therefore, the liquid liquor will not precipitate after mixing with water and will not appear white and turbid.
Three: solid-liquid liquor
30% solid state liquor + 70% liquid state liquor. However, most of the liquor companies added less than 30% of the solid-state liquor, and even if it was enough, the water was only slightly blue.
Ok, understand this, let's look at the code again
First look at this picture
这个就是液态法白酒的国家执行标准，也就是大家常说的食用酒精勾兑酒。 Please note that GB / T20821, which is the national standard for liquor liquor, is also known as edible alcohol blending liquor.
GB / T20821 liquid liquor
GB / T20822 solid-liquid liquor
GB / T10781.2 Fragrance-type liquor (Baofeng, Fen, etc.)
GB / T10781.3 rice flavor liquor
GB / T14867 Fengxiang type liquor (Xifeng liquor, etc.)
GB / T16289 Aromatic Liquor
GB / T20823 Special flavor liquor (four special liquors, etc.)
GB / T20824 sesame flavor liquor
GB / T20825 Laobai dry flavor liquor (Hengshui Laobaigan, etc.)
GB / T21820 Geographical Indication Products
GB / T21822 Geographical Indication Product Liquor Liquor
GB / T22041 GI Product National Cellar 1573 Liquor
GB / T23547 Thick sauce and flavor liquor (baiyunbian, etc.)
GB / T26760 miso-flavor liquor ( Moutai , Langjiu, etc.)
GB / T26761 Xiaoqu solid state liquor
It is relatively rare to completely reveal your identity like the "Eququ" above. Most “alcoholic liquors” hide their true identity in various ways.
[Method 1]: Avoid this problem by selecting the "health implementation standards". For example, GB2757 is a sanitary standard that all alcohol production enterprises must abide by, and generally does not need to be marked. If there is a product marked with this code, it is likely to be guilty!
[Method two]: Adopt local standards and enterprise standards. So, what are national, landmark and corporate standards?
There are a lot of "alcoholic liquors" that bypass the process and quality issues by choosing local standards and corporate standards. Therefore, when you see the standard number beginning with DB, QB, you need to pay more attention.
Remind everyone: this identification method can only be used as a reference. We can tell which kind of wine you should never drink, but we can't determine which kind of wine is absolutely fine. Many wines are obviously blended with edible alcohol, but forged their identities and marked the implementation standards of solid food solids. Many GB / T10781.1-2006 GB standards and GB / T10781.2-2006 fragrance standards have been destroyed. It is obvious that the product uses edible alcohol, but it is marked indiscriminately regardless of legal requirements.
Another little friend asked, what does "excellent" and "first level" in the implementation standard mean?
This generally appears in the national standard at the beginning of GB. You can see the quality of the wine through these two labels. Take Luzhou-flavor liquor as an example:
Real liquor lovers will choose premium products. First-level products are relatively inferior. For example, the sauce-flavored liquor must be made with Daqu before it can be marked as superior. If it is made with bran koji, it can only be marked with level 1.
Everyone can find in the market that even the products marked with superior grades have very different prices, ranging from tens of yuan to thousands of yuan. This is because there are high and low grade products, there are very fine organic products, and there are excellent products that have just stepped on the data standard line. Therefore, this identification method can only be used as a reference, and it is not completely certain that the wine with the superior grade must be good wine.
Knock on the blackboard! !! Knock on the blackboard! !! Knock on the blackboard! !!
1. It is recommended that you carefully purchase GB / T20821, GB / T20822 or GB / T2757 products
被市场滥用的GB/T10781.1-2006 ,GB/T10781.2-2006的产品。 2. Buy and sell products starting with DB or QB with a wait-and-see attitude; GB (Tier 1) products; GB / T10781.1-2006 and GB / T10781.2-2006 products abused by the market.